16th OCTOBER 2015 3rd DAY NAVRATRI_SRI CHANDRAGHANTA MAA
Mother Durga’s third form is known as Chandraghanta. This name finds its justification in the half moon seen on the temple of the Goddess that resembles a bell. The deity has ten arms. The ten hands of the Goddess brandish ten different weapons. Mounted on a lion this form of the mother is worshiped on the third day of the Navratri celebration. It is believed that a devotee who manages to earn the devi’s blessings can set himself free from his sins and hazards that he has committed or may face in his life. The devotee gains the power to sense the supernatural, to see it and even smell the eternal fragrance. He is also able to distinguish the otherwise inaudible celestial sounds.
Origin - Goddess Chandraghanta is the married form the Goddess Parvati. After getting married to Lord Shiva Goddess Mahagauri started adorning her forehead with half Chandra and due to which Goddess Parvati was known as Goddess Chandraghanta.
Navratri Worship - Goddess Chandraghanta is worshipped on the third day of Navratri.
Governing Planet - It is believed that the planet Shukra is governed by Goddess Chandraghanta.
Iconography - Goddess Chandraghanta mounts on the tigress. She wears the semi-circular moon (Chandra) on her forehead. The half-moon on her forehead looks like the bell (Ghanta) and because of that she is known as Chandra-Ghanta. She is depicted with ten hands. Goddess Chandraghanta carries Trishul, Gada, Sword and Kamandal in her four left hands and keeps the fifth left hand in Varada Mudra. She carries lotus flower, Arrow, Dhanush and Japa Mala in her four right hands and keeps the fifth right hand in Abhaya Mudra.
Devanagari Name - चन्द्रघण्टा
या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ चन्द्रघण्टा रूपेण संस्थिता। नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नम:।।
Details - This form of Goddess Parvati is peaceful and for welfare of her devotees. In this form Goddess Chandraghanta is ready for the war with all her weapons. It is believed that the sound of the moon-bell on her forehead expel all type of spirits away from her devotees.
In Hinduism, Chandraghanta is the third form of Goddess Durga. Her name Chandra-Ghanta, means "one who has a half-moon shaped like a bell". She is also known as Chandrakhanda, Chandika or Ramchandi. Her worship takes place on the third day of Navaratri (the nine divine nights of Navadurga). She is believed to reward people with her grace, bravery and courage. By her grace all the sins, distresses, physical sufferings, mental tribulations and ghostly hurdles of the devotees are eradicated.
After Lord Shiva gave Parvati his word that he would not marry any woman, her sufferings overwhelmed him so much that he gave up, followed by a tearful reunion, and then agrees to marry her. Soon, the joyous moment of Parvati's life comes. Shiva brings a procession of gods, mortals, ghosts, ghouls, goblins, sages, ascetics, Aghoris and Shivaganas to the gates of King Himavan's palace to take away his bride Parvati, on the occasion of his remarriage. Shiva arrives at King Himavan's palace in a terrorizing form and Parvati's mother Mainavati faints in terror. Parvati appears to Shiva and sees his fearsome form, so to save her parents and other family members she transforms herself into Goddess Chandraghanta.
Chandraghanta persuaded Shiva to re-appear in a charming form, on listening to the Goddess, Shiva appears as a prince decorated with countless jewels. Parvati revived her mother, father and friends then Shiva and Parvati get married and made promises to one another.
Chandraghanta with her weapons
She has eight hands holding a Trishula (trident), Gada (mace), bow-arrow, khadak (sword), Kamal (lotus), Ghanta (bell) and kamandal (waterpot), while one of her hands remains in blessing posture or abhayamudra. She rides a tiger or lion as her vehicle, which represents bravery and courage, she wears a half moon on her forehead and has a third eye in the middle of her forehead. Her complexion is golden. Shiva sees Chandraghanta's form as a great example of beauty, charm and grace. She rides a tiger or lion as her vehicle, representing bravery. This is a terrible aspect and is roaring in anger. This form of Durga is not completely different from earlier forms. It shows that when provoked she can be malevolent. Her malevolent form is said to be Chandi or Chamunda Devi. She is otherwise the very embodiment of serenity.
The devotees who adore and worship her develop an aura of divine splendor. Their persons emit invisible power-waves which exercise a great impact on those who come in contact with them. They easily achieve success in life. Chandraghanta is ready to destroy the wicked, but to her devotees she is a kind and compassionate Mother showering peace and prosperity. During the battle between her and the demons, the horrible sound produced by her bell sent thousands of wicked demons to the abode of the Death God. She is ever in a warring posture which shows her eagerness to destroy the foes of her devotees so that they may live in peace and prosperity. Divine vision is acquired by her grace. If a devotee happens to enjoy divine fragrance and hears diverse sounds, he is said to be blessed by the Mother.
Durga incarnated as Kaushiki, the daughter of Lord Shiva and Parvati, in order to vanquish demons Shumbh and Nishumbh and their hordes. The beauty of Kaushiki was to lure demons to their doom. Shumbh wanted to marry Kaushiki to his brother Nishumbh and thus sent demon Dhumralochan to bring her. When she resisted, Dhumralochan attacked her. Enraged, Parvati assumed a warrior form, seated on a tiger and defeated Dhumralochan and his entire army.
Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge and arts, represents the free flow of wisdom and consciousness. She is the mother of the Vedas, and chants to her, called the 'Saraswati Vandana' often begin and end Vedic lessons.
It is believed that goddess Saraswati endows human beings with the powers of speech, wisdom and learning. She has four hands representing four aspects of human personality in learning: mind, intellect, alertness and ego. She has sacred scriptures in one hand and a lotus ' the symbol of true knowledge ' in the second.
With her other two hands she plays the music of love and life on a string instrument called the veena. She is dressed in white ' the symbol of purity ' and rides on a white swan ' symbolizing Sattwa Guna or purity and discrimination. Saraswati is also a prominent figure in Buddhist iconography - the consort of Manjushri.
The learned and the erudite attach greater importance to the worship of goddess Saraswati. As a practice, only educated people worship her for knowledge and wisdom. They believe that only Saraswati can grant them 'moksha' - the final liberation of the soul.
Saraswati's birthday - Vasant Panchami - is a Hindu festival celebrated every year on the 5th day of the bright fortnight of the lunar month of Magha. Hindus celebrate this festival with great fervor in temples, homes and educational institutes alike.
The following popular 'pranam mantra' or Sanskrit prayer, Saraswati devotees utter with utmost devotion eulogizes the goddess of knowledge and arts:
The beautiful human form of Saraswati comes to the fore in this English translation of the Saraswati hymn:
"May Goddess Saraswati,
who is fair like the jasmine-colored moon,
and whose pure white garland is like frosty dew drops;
who is adorned in radiant white attire,
on whose beautiful arm rests the veena,
and whose throne is a white lotus;
who is surrounded and respected by the Gods, protect me.
May you fully remove my lethargy, sluggishness, and ignorance."
Edited by deboleena.manna - 14 February 2013 at 1:47am
तृतीय नवदुर्गा: माता चंद्रघंटाChandraghanta
दुर्गा जी का चंद्रघंटा अवतार
दुर्गा जी का तीसरा अवतार चंद्रघंटा हैं। देवी के माथे पर घंटे के आकार का अर्धचंद्र होने के कारण इन्हें चंद्रघंटा कहा जाता है। दअपने मस्तक पर घंटे के आकार के अर्धचन्द्र को धारण करने के कारण माँ "चंद्रघंटा" नाम से पुकारी जाती हैं। अपने वाहन सिंह पर सवार माँ का यह स्वरुप युद्ध व दुष्टों का नाश करने के लिए तत्पर रहता है। चंद्रघंटा को स्वर की देवी भी कहा जाता है।
देवी चंद्रघंटा का स्वरूप
देवी चंद्रघंटा का स्वरूप बहुत ही अद्भुत है। इनके दस हाथ हैं जिनमें इन्होंने शंख, कमल, धनुष-बाण, तलवार, कमंडल, त्रिशूल, गदा आदि शस्त्र धारण कर रखे हैं। इनके माथे पर स्वर्णिम घंटे के आकार का चांद बना हुआ है और इनके गले में सफेद फूलों की माला है। चंद्रघंटा की सवारी सिंह है।
चंद्रघंटा देवी की मान्यता
देवी चंद्रघंटा का स्वरूप सदा ही युद्ध के लिए उद्यत रहने वाला दिखाई देता है। माना जाता है कि इनके घंटे की तेज व भयानक ध्वनि से दानव, अत्याचारी और राक्षस डरते हैं। देवी चंद्रघंटा की साधन करने वालों को अलौकिक सुख प्राप्त होता है तथा दिव्य ध्वनि सुनाई देती है।
माँ चंद्रघंटा का मंत्र (Mata Chandraghanta Mantra)
स्वर्ण के समान उज्जवल वर्ण वाली माँ चंद्रघंटा की पूजा का यह मंत्र है- पिण्डजप्रवरारुढा चण्डकोपास्त्रकैर्युता। प्रसादं तनुते मह्यां चन्द्रघण्टेति विश्रुता॥
नवरात्र का तीसरा दिन (Third Day of Navratri): मां चन्द्रघंटा की पूजा नवरात्र के तीसरे दिन की जाती है। साल 2015 में मां चन्द्रघंटा जी की पूजा-अर्चना 16 अक्टूबर को की जाएगी।
पूजा में उपयोगी खाद्य साम्रगी: तृतीया के दिन भगवती की पूजा में दूध की प्रधानता होनी चाहिए और पूजन के उपरांत वह दूध ब्राह्मण को देना उचित माना जाता है। इस दिन सिंदूर लगाने का भी रिवाज है।
विशेष: इनकी उपासना से मनुष्य समस्त सांसारिक कष्टों से मुक्ति पाता है|