12th JULY 2015 ASHADHI EKADASHI PANDHARPUR INDRAYANI
( BHIMARATHI/CHANDRABHAGA ) RIVER
About Chandrabhaga River
The Chandrabhaga Beach is one of the holy sightseeing places of Puri situated along the Chandrabhaga beach. It lies at 3 km east of the famous Konark Temple. The popularity of this river is associated with a legend where lord Krishna’s son, Shamba was a cured leper worshipped the Sun God on the mouth of this river, for the cure. After he finished his worship, the river dried. Due to this the river has a religious significance and many devotees come from all over the world to take a dip in its holy water.
Close to the famous Sun Temple of Konark, Chandrabhaga Beach is a lovely and quiet place, deriving its name from the 'Chandrabhaga sea'. Rated as one of the finest beaches, it has a long stretch of clean sand and cool blue sea, creating rapids in the rolling waves. Adorned with lovely serenity, watching the golden sun rising above the blue waters over a clear sky is truly a once in a life time experience. Earlier the river Chandrabhaga joined the sea here, but now only the confluence remains to be seen.
According to a legend, the daughter of a sage, Chandrabhaga killed herself by drowning in the river to protect her chastity from Surya, the Sun God. Lord Surya blessed the river with medicinal properties, in repentance, and named it as ‘Chandrabhaga’. Hence it is believed that a dip in River Chandrabhaga can cure leprosy. Pilgrims in large number take holy dip in this confluence on the Magha Saptami day, which falls in February-March every year. Apart from this, the beach also has a functioning light house, rendering it an old world charm.
Great Saint Tukaram Says, “O Lord!, just give me one benediction, that I may always be able to bathe in the holy river Chandrabhaga.”
Chandrabhaga is dear sister to all the prilgrims & warkaris. Just as elder sister carries her younger brother for taking darshan, likewise to have divine darshan of Lord Vitthal, first take blessings of river Chandrabhaga & then with her blessings proceed ahead to have darshan of Lord Vitthal.
Viswakarma, the divine architect has created the river named Chandrabhaga, simply the holy darshan of river Chandrabhaga destroys all of the sins and blesses one with ultimate liberation. On the auspicious day of Ashadi Ekadasi Chandra bhaga's bosom is filled with innumerable pilgrims. Near about 12 to 15 lac warkaris visit Sri Pandharpur Dham. During this time lacs of pilgrims take sanctifying holy bath in the river & become purified. But due to lack of proper facility, all of pilgrims have to experience much inconvenience.
Chandrabhaga River :
CHANDRABHAGA BHIMARATHI- BHIMASHANKAR UGAMSTHAN ( ORIGIN ) Chandrabhaga is also known as Bhimarathi. One of the twelve Jyotirlingas Sri Bhimashankar situated in the hills of Sahyadri is the place from where Bhima originates. Sri Bhimashankar Kshetra is also being mentioned in defferent places of shastra.Sri Rudra samhita refers to Bhimashankar.According to Sri Shiva Puran & Koti Rudra Samhita in the present day Maharashtra,India; there are mountain hills of Sahya where Lord Shiva has appeared as Sri Bhimashankar Jyotirlingam.
SRI BHIMASHANKAR JYOTIRLINGA MANDIR - In the district of pune ,50 km. from khed taluk in the village of bhavagiri towards the north west direction is the ancient shrine of Sri Bhimashankar situated.It is 125 km. far from pune in the deep mountain lines of Sahya. Bhima ani Chandrabhaga tuzya charanichya ganga. - Saint Tukaram Oh ! my beloved Lord Vithal ! Bhima and Chandrabhaga are Ganga's floating from your lotus feet. - Saint Tukaram.
BHIMA - CHANDRABHAGA RIVER- In the west coast of Maharashtra, Bhima is flowing very magnificantly making her unique way in mids of lofty hills of Sahya also called as Bhimashankar Hills.From Bhimashankar Kshetra river flows in the south east direction within the states of Maharashtra,Karnataka,Andhra Pradesh crossing the long distance of 500 miles i.e.861 km.& merges into the Krishna river.
BANK OF BHIMARATHI- Bhima travels 861 kms. in the south east direction.In this long journy many small rivers joining her.Below are mentioned the rivers merging in her flow in the district of pune.1) Kundali river 2) Kumandala, 3) Ghod nadi, 4) Bhama, 5) Indrayani, 6) Mulanadi, 7) Muthanadi, 8) Pavana nadi etc. Amongst these namely Indrayani,Mula,Mutha & Pavana rivers are flowing in the province of Pune & Pimpri chinchwad.In Solapur district also many important rivers are joined to Bhima are namely 1) Chandani nadi, 2) Kamini nadi, 3) Moshi, 4) Bori, 5) Sina, 6) Man, 7) Bhogavati, 8) Nira etc.Nira is the very important river joins Bhima at Sri Kshetra Nrisimhapura in Malsiras taluk thus there is sangam of two holy rivers ; is the very ancient place of Lord Nrisimha deva & His pure devotee Sri Prahlad Maharaj. The size of Chandrabhaga's bank is nearly 48,631 kms.On the sacred bank of Bhimarathi one crore & twenty lacks of people are residing at present; by 2030 the total will be three crores & fifty lacks is the calculations of population statistical research.75% of this huge bank of Chandrabhga is spread in the Maharashtra known as the land of Sant's & pure devotees of Sri Panduranga.
HOLY PLACES & TEERTHA'S ON THE BANK OF BHIMA- 1) Right in the origin of Bhima Sri Kshetra Bhimashankar is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas. 2) Sri Kshetra Siddhi Vinayak Mandir is one of the Astavinayakas ( special shrines of Lord Ganesha in Maharashtra ) is situated in Siddhatek gram on the bank of Bhima. 3) Sri Kshetra Nira Nrisimhapur is the ancient shrine of Lord Nrisimhadeva is situated on the sangam ( union) of Bhima & Nira. 4) In the Bhuvaikuntha Sri Kshetra Pandharpur Dhama where Sri Vithal Rukmini Mandir,Gopalpur,Narada Mandir,Vishnupada and other important ancient temples are situated in the sacred bank of Chandrabhaga. 5) Next there is holy place known as Ganagapur in state of Karnataka where ancient temple of Lord Dattatraya is situated on the Sangam of Bhima & Ajmeya rivers. 6) Sri Kshetra Rasanagi comes in taluk of Jevargi ( Gulbarga district ,Karnataka state) where Sri Balbhimasena temple is located on the banks of Bhimarathi.
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND- According to the famous story of Sri Kshetra Bhimashankar there is episode of Bhima river's afvent. Ancient times the great asura Bhima was residing in the midst of the high hills of Sahyadri moutains surrounded by deep forests & dangerous animals with his mother Karkati.It is said that Bhima was very cruel by the nature thus everybody was always afraid of him.Once Bhima was puzzled to think about his life and became anxious.He questioned his dear mother to reveal the secrets of his life.He requested her to inform about his father and also asked that why he kept both of them in such conditions of life i.e. in the deep range of mountains covered by dense forest.His dear mother Karkati answered that he was the son of Kumbhakarna who was the younger brother of Ravana king of Lanka.In the great war happened between Lord Sri Ramchandra & Demon Ravana the king of Lanka , Kumbhakarna was defeated & killed by Lord Sri Ramachandra. Lord Sri Ramchandra is no other than Lord Sri Narayana and has killed Kumbhakarna, when demon Bhima heard this from his mother at once became so angry to take revange of his father's death.Thus he created enmity with Lord Vishnu.History repeats itself.As we have seen that in past ancient history how demons like Hiranyakasipu- Hiranyaksha,Ravana- Kumbhakarna have performed great austerities to please Lord Brahma to eihter become immortal or all victorious so demon Bhima was no exception to this who was cruel by very nature.The son of Karkati and Kumbhakarna also started very horrible austerities to please Lord Brahma.The merciful Lord Brahma became pleased to see the great trouble and pains sustained by the demon thus awarded him so many different energies and powers to his satisfaction.Demons are always enemies of the demigods,like Hiranyakasipu,Ravana they have won three worlds and harassed the demigods,sadhus and innocent living creatures for their selfish ambitions for sense gratification.Being blessed by Lord Brahma the demon Bhima did havok in three worlds,defeated Indra the king of heaven.He also defeated Kamrupesvara the great devotee of Lord Shiva and put him in the custody.The mother earth and residents of the three worlds were so harassed by the sins and atrocities of the demon that it was very difficult to hold lives for them.Seeing these horrible circumstances the defeated demigods came together under the leadership of Lord Brahma & surrendered to Lord Shiva who is by nature 'Ashutosh' means the one who bestows mercy very quickly without any discrimination of time , place & circumstance.The 'Vaishnavanam yatha Shambho' Lord Shiva immediately accepted the prayers of all the demigods and promised to kill the demon Bhima.
Demons are the enemies of the demigods and always thinks themselves to be the Supreme Controller or the Lord of the Lords.Bhima the demoniac son of the Kumbhakarna was bewildered by the boons of Lord Brahma and considering that nobody will oppose him on the account of his unlimited powress.Thus being blind of unlimited strength he forced the Kamrupesvara the great devotee of the Lord Shiva to give up the worship of Shiva and start his worship. The Kamrupesvara being the fully devoted to Lord Shiva denied the demoniac order of Bhima to give up the worship of Shiva.So angry Bhima attacked the Kamrupesvara to kill him then at once Lord Shiva appeared on the scene in His effulgent form.The great battle started between the demon & Lord Shiva , it continued for a very long time. Demigods became worried due to it so the great devotee Narada seeing the plight of demigods approached the Lord Shiva and requested to kill the all inauspicious demon & end the long termed war.Lord Shiva being pleased with the great sage Narada quickly killed the demon Bhima and turned the body of demon in to ashes.So Lord Mahadeva gave shelter to the demigods & relief to the rest of the universe by killing the powerful demon Bhima.At that time all the demogods & residents of different planetory systems like gandharvas,chanaras,kinnaras,yakshas etc showere the flowers on the victorious Lord Mahadeva,played different musical instruments followed by the meodious singing and dancing of damsels of heaven.All the demigods prayed to Lord Tripurari to make the place where the demon was killed in to His own abode.Then Shiva being pleased by the different prayeres to fulfill the desire of the demigods appeared as Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga.During the battle when Lord Shiva was fighting with the demon Bhima the perspiration of His body i.e.drops of sweting turned into the form of river in the high mountains of Sahyadri from the place of Bhimashankar the place where demon Bhima was killed is called the Bhima river.This how river Bhima originates from the Bhimshankar and in south Maharashtra ( Pandharpur ) is called as the famous river Chandrabhaga.
The "Vi" in Lord Vithoba's name denotes knowledge and "Thoba" denotes shape. He is the shape of knowledge or the idol of knowledge. Another interpretation is that the word "Vitthala" is said to be derived from the Marathi word "Vit", meaning brick. The reason behind the brick will be explained later in this article. "Ba" is used to denote "father" in Marathi. Lord Vithal/ Vitthal/ Vithoba is none other than Lord Vishnu, Lord Narayana or Lord Krishna. It is believed that Lord Krishna had incarnated at the end of Dwarpa Yuga on the eighth day of the dark fortnight in the holy month of Shravan (As per the Hindu calendar). He is lovingly called names like Pandrinath, Panduranga, Pandhairiraya, Vithai, Vithoba, Vithu-mauli, Vitthalgururao by his devotees. But the well-known and commonly used names are Pandurang / Panduranga and Shri Vitthal / Vithal. The word Vitthala is said to be derived from the Kannada (a language spoken in the southern parts of India) word for Lord Vishnu. The worship of Lord Vitthala has been derived mainly from the Puranas. His worship has been made well-known by the teachings, poems, kirtans, and pads of great Vaishnava saints of Maharashtra from the 13th through the 17th centuries. They were saints like Sant Namdeo /Namdev, Sant Jnaneshwar, Sant Eknath and Sant Tukaram. Pundalik, a saint was closely associated with this shrine, and hence this shrine is also known as Pundarika Pura. According to the legend, there was once a devoted son called Pundalik. He looked after the needs of his father Janudev and his mother Satyavati. But things changed when Pundalik got married. He started ill treating them. Tired of his tyranny, the parents decided to head for Kashi / Varanasi. It is said that those who die in Kashi attain salvation and liberation from the cycle of birth and death. This is still believed today and many people travel there when they feel their end is near. Hearing his parents plans, Pundalik and his wife decided to join them. His treachery continued so much that he made his old parents walk throughout the journey while he and his young wife rode on a horse. On the way, they came across the hermitage of the venerable sage, Kukkutswami. Tired of the long journey, the group decided to spend some days there. That night, Pundalik lay awake and witnessed something remarkable. Just before dawn, he saw a group of beautiful, young women dressed in dirty clothes, enter the Sage's hermitage. They did chores like cleaning the floor, fetching water and washing the Sage's clothes. After that, they went to the prayer room. When they came out, their clothes were spotlessly clean and they disappeared. Pundalik wasn't alarmed seeing this but rather he felt at peace. He kept thinking about the incident the following day. He wanted to be sure that he was not dreaming but had truly witnessed such a glorious incident. So he remained awake again. But this time, he got closer and decided to speak to the women. "Who are you all?" "We are Ganga, Yamuna and all the holy rivers of India. People take a dip and bathe in us to wipe away their sins. The impurity of their mind, body and souls make us dirty. That's why you see our clothes in such filthy condition." Pundalik was amazed with their answer. "But you are the biggest sinner of all because of the way you treat your parents." This was a rude awakening for Pundalik. He realized his mistake and changed his ways. He served his parents well and looked after all their needs and comforts. It is said that devotion in any form reaches God. Seeing Pundalik's sincere devotion towards his parents, Lord Vishnu was extremely pleased. He left his abode - Vaikauntha Lok to bless Pundalik. Lord Vishnu reached Pundalik's house and knocked on his door but he was serving food to his parents. Pundalik saw the Lord at his door but his devotion to his parents was so intense that he wanted to finish his duties first and then attend to his guest. It didn't matter to him whether the guest was a mere mortal or God. Pundalik gave the Lord a brick to stand on and asked Him to wait until his duty was completed. The ever-loving Lord was so pleased with his devotee that He waited for him. When Pundalik came out, he asked God's forgiveness for neglecting Him, but the Lord instead asked him to request a boon and it would be fulfilled.What more could a devotee ask when his Lord was standing right in front of him? Pundalik asked that He should remain on earth and bless all His devotees. His wish was granted and the Lord remained behind and is known as Vithoba or the Lord who stands on a brick.This form of the Lord is Swayambhu which means that His idol has not been carved or etched but it came into existence on its own. He is accompanied by His consort Rakhumai or Rukmini.
Jump to Legend of Pundalik - How Vithoba came to Pandharpur is a story in which Pundalik is vital. ... Legend holds that people who die in the city of Kashi attain salvation ... Along with Vithoba, Rakhumai (Mother Rukmini, the consort of ...
Lord Vithal/ Vitthal/ Vithoba is none other than Lord Vishnu, Lord Narayana or Lord Krishna. It is believed ... According to the legend, there was once a devoted son called Pundalik. ... He is accompanied by His consort Rakhumai or Rukmini.
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