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Posted: 26 November 2012 at 10:08pm | IP Logged

2012 Karthigai Deepam 

Karthigai Deepam is a Hindu festival which is celebrated mainly by Tamil Hindus. The day of Karthigai Deepam is fixed based on Tamil Solar Calendar. It falls in the month of Karthikai when Karthigai Nakshatra prevails during Ratrimana. This is also the time when Karthigai Nakshatra coincides with Pournami, the full moon day in the month of Karthikai. 

Karthigai Deepam at Thiruvannamalai Arunachaleshwara Swamy temple 

Karthigai Deepam festivities at Thiruvannamalai Arunachaleshwara Swamy temple are the most famous one and popularly known as Karthikai Brahmotsavam. Karthigai Deepam festivity at Thiruvannamalai temple spans for 10 days. The celebration begins with Dwajarohanam on the day when Nakshatra Uthiraadam prevails at sunrise. Most of the time, Nakshatra Uthiraadam prevails 10 days before the main Karthigai Deepam day. 

Karthigai Deepam should not be confused with Bharani Deepam which is inaugural ritual of Karthigai Deepam. Bharani Deepam is done before sunrise at 4 a.m. . Bharani Deepam day falls one day before or on the same day of Karthigai Deepam. Bharani Deepam is lit inside the temple premises when Bharani Nakshatra prevails. In most years Bharani Deepam is lit at 4 a.m. on the same day of Karthigai Deepam. 

Karthigai Deepam is lit after sunset at 6 p.m. with the flame taken from Bharani Deepam. In the evening flame is carried at the top of the hill to light the Karthigai Maha Deepam. 

Karthigai Deepam is also spelled as Karthikai Deepam.


Edited by LoveViShalini - 26 November 2012 at 11:29pm
2015 Karthigai Nakshatra Days for New Delhi, India

Karthigai Nakshatra Dates 2015

Karthigai Deepam
Karthigai Deepam
Karthigai Deepam is mainly celebrated by Tamil Hindus. It is one of the oldest festivals celebrated by Tamil people. Houses and streets are lit up with rows of oil lamps or Deepam in the evening of the festival day.

Karthigai Deepam and Karthikai Deepam are used interchangeably. Karthigai Deepam takes its name fromNakshatra Karthikai or Krittika. Karthigai Deepam is performed on the day when Krittika Nakshatra is prevailing. Karthigai Deepam is done in honor of Lord Shiva. According to Hindu Mythology on this day Lord Shiva converted himself in an endless flame of light to prove his supremacy to Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma.

Although Karthigai day is observed every month but the most significant day falls in month of Karthikai (which is same as Solar month Vrischika in other Hindu calendars). lists all Karthikai days in the year including the most significant Karthikai day which is known as Karthikai Deepam.
kalash 2015 kalash
01January(Thursday)Masik Karthigai
28January(Wednesday)Masik Karthigai
24February(Tuesday)Masik Karthigai
24March(Tuesday)Masik Karthigai
20April(Monday)Masik Karthigai
18May(Monday)Masik Karthigai
14June(Sunday)Masik Karthigai
11July(Saturday)Masik Karthigai
07August(Friday)Masik Karthigai
04September(Friday)Masik Karthigai
01October(Thursday)Masik Karthigai
29October(Thursday)Masik Karthigai
25November(Wednesday)Karthigai Deepam
22December(Tuesday)Masik Karthigai
Karthigai festival in Tiruvannamalai hills is very famous. On Karthigai day, a huge fire lamp is lit up on the hill, visible for several kilometers around the hill. The fire or Deepam is called Mahadeepam, Hindu devotees visit here and pray to God Shiva.

Karthikai Deepam

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For main article on Kartik poornima, see Kartik Poornima.
Karthikai Deepam
(கார்த்திகை விளக்கீடு)
/ Karthigai Vilakkidu
Karthigai Deepam.jpg
Agal vilakku (oil lamps) during the occasion of Karthigai Deepam
Observed byTamil
SignificanceFormation of Arumugam (Murugan)
2014 date05 December 2014
Karthikai Deepam[1] or Karthikai vilakkidu is a Hindu specially Tamils Festival of Lights. The festival is observed in every home and every temple, and falls in the month of Kārttikai (mid-November to mid-December) as per Tamil calendar.
This occurs on the day when the moon is in conjunction with the constellation Karthigai (Pleiades) and pournami. This constellation appears as a group of six stars in the firmament in the shape of a pendant from the ear.

The story of six stars[edit]

Many legends and lyrical poetry have grown round this star. The six stars are considered in Indian mythology as the six celestial nymphs who reared the six babies in the saravana tank which later were joined together to form the six faced Muruga. He is therefore called Karthikeya, the incarnation of lord Shiva as his second son after lord Ganesha. Stories tells lord shiva created Muruga from his 3rd eye[2] of six primary faces (Tatpurusam,[3] Aghoram,[4] Sadyojatam,[5] Vamadevam,[6] Eesanam,[7]Adhomukam[8]). Stories tells the six forms made into six child and each of them brought up by the six Karthigai nymphs and later merged into one by his mother Parvati.
While merging he also formed into a six faced (Arumugam and twelve handed god. The Lord muruga is also portrayed with his six plays[9] and worshiped with six names.
As the six nymphs helped in growing the six child, lord shiva blessed immortality to the six nymphs as ever living stars on the sky. Any worship performed to this six stars is equal to worshiping lord muruga himself. They are worshiped by lit up with rows of oil lamps (Deepam) in the evening of the festival day around the souses and streets. Karthikai Deepam is also known as Kartikeya, or Muruga's birthday.
Other Mythological Stories and Literature on this 6 stars Pleiades_in_folklore_and_literature[10]


Karthikai Deepam
One of the earliest references to the festival is found in the Aganaanooru, a book of poems, which dates back to the Sangam Age (200 B.C. to 300 A.D.). The Aganaanooru clearly states that Karthigai is celebrated on the full moon day (pournami) of the month of Karthigai, as per South Indian calendar. It was one of the most important festivals (peruvizha) of the ancient Tamils, including now the areas of modern Kerala too. Avaiyyar, the renowned poetess of those times, refers to the festival in her songs. Karthikai Deepam is one of the oldest festivals celebrated by Tamil people. The festival finds reference in Sangam literature like Akanaṉūṟu and the poems of Auvaiyar.[11]

Religious aspects[edit]

Lord Shiva appeared as an endless flame of light before Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma, who each considered himself supreme and said that the matter could be tested if the two could search for Lord Shiva's Head and feet. Lord Vishnu took the form of a boar(Sanskrit:VarahaTamil:Varaham(pandri) ) and delved deep into the earth, Lord Brahma that of a swan(Sanskrit:HansaTamil:Annam) and flew towards the skies. Lord Vishnu failed in his search and returned. But Lord Brahma, chancing upon a piece of Thazhambu, a flower, learnt from it that it had been floating down for thirty thousand years from Lord Shiva's head. He seized upon this and claimed to Lord Shiva that he had seen the other's top. Lord Siva realized the falsehood and pronounced that there would never be a temple for Lord Brahma in this world. He also interdicted the use of the flower Thazhambu in his worship. Lord Shiva appeared as a flame, this day is called karthikai maha Deepam.[12]


Nizhal Thangal, Attoor decorated with Agal vilakkus during the Karthikai Deepam celebrations on 2013-11-16
Rows of Agal vilakkus (Clay Oil lamps) are lit in every house. Karthigai is essentially a festival of lamps. The lighted lamp is considered an auspicious symbol. It is believed to ward off evil forces and usher in prosperity and joy. While the lighted lamp is important for all Hindu rituals and festivals, it is indispensable for Karthigai. This festival is also celebrated to commemorate the bonding between brothers and sisters in south India(analogous to Bhaiya-Dhuj and Raakhi). Sisters pray for the prosperity and success of their brothers and light lamps to mark the occasion.
In Telugu households, Kaartheeka maasam (month) is considered very auspicious. The Kartheeka month starts on the day of Deepawali. From that day till the end of the month, oil lamps are lit every day. On Kartheeka Pournami (full moon of Kartheeka month) oil lamp with 365 wicks, prepared at home, are lit in Lord Shiva temples. Apart from that, Kaartheeka puranam is read and fasting is observed till sunset, every day for the whole month.

Celebrations at Tiruvannamalai[edit]

Karthigai festival in Tiruvannamalai[13] is very famous. On Karthigai day, a huge fire lamp is lit up on the hill, visible for several kilometers around. The fire (deepam) is called Mahadeepam. Hindu devotees visit the place, to pray and make offerings to lord Shiva.

Special Home made Firework[edit]

Homemade karthikai deepam firework (கார்திகை சுற்று)
Sample Construction
Label Details
AThe 3 Twigs which holds the Charcoalpack
BThe exposed Charcoal to easy ignite
CThe Layered Charcoal packed in jute sack pieces
DThe Rope binding
HeightHeight might vary from 10 inch to 12 inch or more
Width3 to 4 inch width of the Charcoalpackage
Kārtikai chutru or Kārtikai chuḻaṟtu is a home made Charcoal based hand rotating cracker. This is crafted by youngsters and elders at the time of this festival at rural cities at Tamil Nadu[14] state in India. This cracker is very safe as it is made of Charcoal and constructed as a non-explosive craft. This cracker is handled with a long rope and rotated over the head clockwise, anti-clockwise, zig zag and any other pattern to make the display more fun. To maintain safety, the ropes used are either Coir Rope or Jute Rope. While rotating the ignited set-up of this cracker with the wind makes the charcoal to burn and split into small pieces which falls down. This burning effect can be compared with Chimney starter.[15] This display can be compared with Fire performance,[16] but the rope will not be ignited.
This cracker is made of Crushed and packed Charcoal into Coconut shell. The packing is tightly placed inside 3 piece of Twig or flexible wood stick or plant stem. The twigs are tied with ropes with a safety distance. Few burning Charcoal is placed over the packing and blown hard or rotated until The packing gets slowly ignited. While the packing started ignited then it can be rotated faster with help of the rope. The falling pieces of burning Charcoal pieces from the packing gives a fire cracker effect. The Charcoal mixture can be mixed with dried Coconut flower pieces for more sparkling effect[citation needed]. CrushedCharcoal can be packed into layers of jute sack (Gunny sack) pieces

Notes and references[edit]

  1. Jump up^ South Indians celebrate Karthigai Deepam or extended Diwali The Times of India News Paper Dec 5, 2014
  2. Jump up^ Third eye The third eye of lord shiva from all his six faces used to create Lord Muruga as his son
  3. Jump up^ Tatpurusam The face of Concealing Grace[citation needed]
  4. Jump up^ Aghora The face of annihilation
  5. Jump up^ Sadyojata The face of Creation
  6. Jump up^ Vamadeva The face of Preservation/Healing/Dissolution/Rejuvenation
  7. Jump up^ Ishana The face of Revealing Grace
  8. Jump up^ The 6th face of shiva specified in literature named sri kanda puranam (Skanda Purana)
  9. Jump up^ Six Abodes of Murugan The six spiritual temples (homes) of Lord Muruga
  10. Jump up^ Other Mythological Stories and Literature on this 6 stars Pleiades_in_folklore_and_literature
  11. Jump up^ The Hindu: Glow of prosperity
  12. Jump up^ 'Newspaper Quote'
  13. Jump up^ Lakhs witness Karthigai Deepam The Hindu News Paper Article November 28, 2012
  14. Jump up^ Improvised firework adds colour to Kaarthigai Deepam The Hindu news paper December 13, 2008. This news paper refers to the Cuddalore district and city named Cuddalore where it is popular even these days people celebrate the festival with this firework
  15. Jump up^ Chimney starter is similar kind of mechanism used, but it uses fuel to burn charcoal
  16. Jump up^ Rope Fire performance is another form of fire dancing and twirling with fired ropes which needs special skills, because the rope is ignited with fuel

External links[edit]

  • Demo of Karthikai home made cracker

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